Exterior: The inspection starts on the outside, where the Inspector examines the external elements and landscaping of the property, items that are observed and commented on include: lot grading, wall surfaces, exterior foundation walls, driveways, walkways, patio, retaining walls, window wells, eaves, soffit & fascia, electrical, entrance doors, windows, flashings & trims, decks, balconies, stairs, hand & guard railing, exterior faucets, covered/enclosed porches, fence & outbuildings.
Roofing: Inspect materials, flashings, flues and penetrations, eavestroughing, skylights and chimneys.
If there is a garage (attached or detached) or carport on the property, the Inspector will include this structure in the inspection. The inspector will examine the roof, exterior similar as the house. Examine the interior components including: structure, floor, walls, ceiling, electrical, plumbing, heating, man door(s), overhead door(s) and motorized door opener(s).
Attic: The Inspector will inspect the attic including: framing/structure, roof sheathing, vapour barrier, insulation, ventilation, and any pluming – heating – electrical devices.
Structure: The Inspector examines the visible and accessible components of the structure including: foundation walls, foundation floor, posts / columns, beams. Joists, subfloor and framing. Where possible, the Inspector uses a moisture meter to check stains, thermal imaging camera to seek moisture hidden behind finished walls / floors / ceilings
Heating: The Inspector will identify the types(s) of heating system(s) and observe: the heating units(s) burner chamber(s), exhaust/venting system(s), distribution/ducting system(s), and thermostats.
Air Conditioning: If the house is equipped with an air conditioning system, and outside air temperatures permit, will identify and operate this system and report any deficiencies.
Water Heater: The next system to be inspected is the water heater (s) where the tank, combustion chamber (if applicable), exhaust/venting system, supply/distribution piping, are all reported on.
Plumbing: The Inspector then examines the visible plumbing for the house. Locate and report on the main water shut-off valve, supply piping, waste/drain piping, venting, and if there is a sump pit, sump pump or a booster/ejector pump.
Electrical: The main electrical service is examined, followed by the main electrical panel and any sub panels. Completes this section by reporting on the general wiring or branch circuitry of the house.
Kitchen/Bathrooms/Laundry Area: Inspect the doors, floors, walls, ceilings, pantry/closet, doors, windows, electrical, cabinetry, counters, sinks, faucets, supply and drain piping, exhaust/hood fan, toilet, tub, tub surround, tub enclosure, tub faucets, shower base/surrounds/enclosure, jet tub, washer and dryer drainage/venting, A moisture meter and thermal imaging camera used to check for moisture that may be penetrating the floor and walls at these areas.
Fireplace: If house is equipped with a fireplace(s), the Inspector will examine and report on the type of unit(s) (thru-wall/chimney), visible fuel, manual or electric ignition, damper, shut-offs, hearth, mantle, and screening.
Health & Safety: Any smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors in the house are tested using their normal operating controls, and the Inspector will make any recommendations in the report.
Areas Covered In A Home Inspection
What Should I Expect From A Home Inspector?
Your home inspector’s role is to tell you the physical condition of the home. The inspector should walk through the home with you and point out any problems. This normally takes at least two hours. The inspector must give you a contract before the inspection and a written report afterwards. Before starting the home inspection, the inspector must give you a copy of the signed contract that includes a list of what will and won’t be inspected. This publication is intended to provide general information only and is not a substitute for legal advice. The inspector must not damage the home during the inspection unless the owner agrees in writing to allow an invasive inspection. If the inspector causes damage during the inspection and the seller has not agreed, the inspector must pay for the damage. For example, this means that the inspector usually can’t drill holes to look inside walls, ceilings, or behind tiling. An inspector can look for signs that there might be problems with a home and suggest any areas that should be examined by an expert. For example, mold and wiring behind walls usually cannot be seen directly, but there might be other signals that a trained eye would notice.
The Inspector is an unbiased, third party. It is important to remember that the findings in the report should not be interpreted negatively. There are many positive comments that can be made about any property; however, that is not the purpose of the Inspection. The report is designed to bring to your attention, items that may be in need of maintenance, repairs, or safety issues. The Inspector will then answer any remaining questions that the clients may have. After this, the Inspector will take the clients around the house to point out such things as plumbing shut-off valve locations, electrical panel, water heater, furnace, etc., and give a brief explanation of how the major systems operate, if the clients desire.